‘Sanitation First works with local communities, both rural and urban to build, adopt and sustain ecological toilets.’

Our GroSan toilets turn what is normally seen as waste into a safe natural compost and fertiliser.

Key factors: Requires minimal water (only for washing, not flushing!) odour free, non-polluting, sustainable, low maintenance and designed to last for decades.

  • They are based around the tried and trusted process: urine diverting dry toilets (UDDT). A UDDT is an ecological toilet that separates liquids and solids at source allowing human waste to be safely contained, composted and used in agriculture as a fertiliser.
  • These well constructed, double chamber units are designed to last for decades, as once composted the contents can be safely removed. Leaving behind an empty chamber ready to be used again – unlike pit latrines that once full are covered and require another pit to be dug and superstructure erected.
  • By restricting the waste from entering the open environment we prevent raw sewage from contaminating water tables that can subsequently make people unwell from a variety of serious illnesses, some of which can be deadly.
  • In urban settings, chambers are replaced by containers, which are regularly and safely collected, before being transported to a secure compound. In the compound the waste is naturally treated to make compost which is sold into the agricultural marketplace.
  • We work closely with communities before and after implementation – providing basic knowledge and understanding of the benefits of good hygiene practices and the importance of sanitation. This is fundamental to changing people’s habits, and in 2014 an independent review of our work reported a 95% adoption rate of our GroSan toilets compared to an Indian Government average of 35% (2014). This impressive uptake is due to our community engagement and the provision of a superior model of toilet, which is ecological, odourless and pleasant to use.